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Peak Oil and the socio-economic impact of depleting fossil fuel resources

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RE-POST FROM Progressive Commentary Hour – 02/10/14

Kurt Cobb is an author, speaker, and columnist who speaks and writes frequently on peak oil, energy and the environment. He is a regular contributor to The Christian Science Monitor and has written columns for the Paris-based science news site Scitizen.

Kurt’s writings have been featured on Resilience, The Oil Drum, OilPrice.com, Investing.com, Peak Oil Review, Common Dreams, Le Monde Diplomatique, and many other sites. He is a founding member of the Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas—USA, and he has served on the board of the Arthur Morgan Institute for Community Solutions.

He is a graduate of Stanford University and his novel “Prelude: A Novel About Secrets, Treachery and the Arrival of Peak Oil” is a startling reinterpretation of contemporary events and a window onto our energy future.

Kurt’s website is ResourceInsights.blogspot.com

Dr. Nate Hagens is a well known authority on fossil fuel, peak oil and resource depletion. He is the former lead editor of The Oil Drum, one of the most popular and high-respected websites for analysis and commentary on global energy supplies and the socio-economic impact of declining oil resources. His a board member of the Post Carbon Institute and currently works at the Institute for the Study of Energy and Our Future, where he is also on the Board. Prior to his journalistic research and reporting, he was the president of Sanctuary Asset Management and a vice president with Salomon Brothers and Lehman Brother’s investment firms.

Nate has a masters in finance from the University of Chicago and a doctorate in Natural Resources from the University of Vermont. He has appeared on PBS, NPR and BBC and lectured internationally.

His website and writings can be found at TheMonkeyTrap.us

FROZEN : The 2014 Atlanta Ice Emergency : A Preparedness Tale

No doubt you have heard about a small weather situation that has unfolded across the Deep South over the last 24+ hours or so. What looked like a winter storm that would bring some frozen precipitation to the region as it skirted along the gulf coast and southern third of the eastern seaboard wiggled to the north just a bit and exploded into a nightmare, worst case scenario and the “fun” began. Everything came together in a pure symphony of suck to unleash stress, fear and danger on the South’s hospitable population.

Despite the best efforts of our local leadership to convince everyone they had learned the lessons from the 2011 Snowpocalypse that shut down the city of Atlanta for the better part of a week and that all of the appropriate adjustments had been made, this weather event….a full three years hence….laid bare these very dangerous truths:

*There were government failures at every level to assess the threat and properly deploy assets in advance of the storm
*Poor decisions by Georgia DOT resulted in a failure to sufficiently treat roadways prior to the weather event
*Poor transportation infrastructure that has elevated ramps, bridges and inclines everywhere exacerbate any inclement weather issue

Now, some 36 hours later, it is clear that the hard lessons taught in the 2011 storm were not learned by this local and state government at all. Even with new plans in place and some new equipment at their disposal, the end result was not better in 2014 than it was in 2011. In fact, in many ways, it was worse.

All of the key players were telling us right up until the snow started to fall that there were plans in place and that this time things would be better. “Don’t worry about anything, John Q. We’ve got it covered. Everything will be fine.” More trucks. New plans. And, by the way, everyone just ‘stay off the roads’. Well, it quickly became apparent that the only way any of these extra trucks or new plans were going to make any difference at all was if everyone actually did stay off the roads. And that would be impossible. Wait, did I mention that there were no closures of government offices or metro schools in advance of the storm? No? And what about the fact that businesses certainly were not shuttering for the day? No? Oh, well then. Here’s the best part. The same people that were telling everyone to stay off the roads…remember that’s the underlying key to the entire plan…those same people issued a statement just before the inclement weather began telling everyone to get out of downtown, leave work now and go home. In other words, just as the storm was kicking up it was like they said “Everyone! Get on the roads riiiiiiiiiiiight…NOW!”

And that’s when the apocalypse porn visuals started streaming out of Atlanta.

Unlike the decision makers for the state of Georgia and the city of Atlanta, I, my wife, all my friends and virtually everyone with a weather app on their smart phone or an internet connection or a television or radio knew that the city of Atlanta was going to get hit with about two inches of snow with some ice thrown in for good measure. It didn’t take a meteorologist (by the way, my cousin is a meteorologist and works at The Weather Channel) to figure this one out, folks. So, with this info in my back pocket I set out to get a plan to deal with the issues that I believed were sure to arise since I was scheduled to head to work for an evening shift (in the center of downtown Atlanta) Tuesday afternoon right as the storm was getting started.

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I have a 45 mile commute to work, so I don’t leave the house without a plan on a perfectly normal day and the gear to fit it. But when there’s a 100% chance of accumulating winter precipitation in a city where that don’t usually happen, you better believe I am coming prepared and loaded for bear. So, I headed into work with everything I would need to spend the night rather than taking the risk of getting back out on what I was quite certain would be a skating rink in the wee hours of the morning. Of course I had my Every Day Carry (EDC) with me and my Get Home Bag (GHB) in the back of my vehicle as I always do, but on this day I also loaded up the sleep gear I take when I go camping, about three times the normal amount of food I would carry on my person and I tossed my BOLT kit in the back of the truck just to cover all the bases.

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So I hit the road with the flakes a-flyin’ and sure enough, a ride that usually takes me about 50 minutes took three hours. During my travels, I watched as the major interstates and surface streets were already glazing over with ice. I dodged travelers that were spinning out left and right as I made my way to work finally headed inside to watch the frozen drama unfold.

During the evening, I had several coworkers decide to take their chances with the weather and try for home. Around 7 pm, a friend that travels a route similar to mine decided to strike out for home. Five hours later, he called in to let us know he was sitting on I-85 northbound (only about 15 miles from our building) stuck in traffic and that he hadn’t moved at all in about three hours. He had no food, no water, no blankets or anything to keep warm with him in the vehicle and no hope of moving any time soon. Right about now I was feeling awful for my pal, but pretty good about my preparations and my plan to stay put.

At the end of my shift, I posted the following status update on Facebook to let my family and friends know what was going on with me:

Ah, weekend. Hello again old friend. I can’t wait to get home and….oh, that’s right. I can’t go anywhere. I’m encased in ice and miles from home. Very thankful right now to know that the homestead is safe and secure in all ways even though I can’t be there. ***A thought, a HUGE thanks to Gov. Nathan Deal, Mayor Kasim Reed and GA DOT for doing such a bang up job in shirking responsibility in this situation and making it worse in virtually every way. Claiming they didn’t know or that they were caught flat footed by this weather? Really? I certainly am not naive or gullible enough to swallow that load of horse puckey. Epic failure. You learned nothing from 2011.*** Anyways, tomorrow brings the sun (even with tough temps) and that presents my next opportunity to get home. Take care all.

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I walked out to my vehicle and grabbed my gear for the evening. Even from street level, I could see the city was absolutely crystallized in ice. I paired up with a couple of my coworkers that had also decided to say and we settled in for the night, watching television in astonishment as thousands of people were sitting in vehicles on seemingly every major roadway surrounding the city with zero chance of going anywhere any time soon. Not to mention all of the children around the city and across the region that were stuck in schools where they would have to spend the night or on the roads in buses that would not be heading home on this bitter night. That part was unimaginable.
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Upon waking we learned, that the roads were still locked up with some people now approaching 25+ hours stranded in their vehicles. Parents with young children, stuck on the road with no food and no water. How does that happen? I can’t imagine being in that scenario on a perfect day, much less one that everyone should have known was going to turn out like this one had. People running out of gas, ditching vehicles and being forced to walk to safe havens just to escape the brutal weather only to end up sleeping in the aisles of a grocery or convenience store. On the bright side, we did learn that our friend that had been stuck on I-85 had finally made it home safely around 5 am that morning. When I checked my phone for the first time I saw that my wife had posted this status update on Facebook:

Anyone that was stranded in Atlanta’s epic fail of 2014, I hope you will be able to make it home soon. If you aren’t prepared to take care of yourself you are s.o.l. because no one is coming to help you. That seems to be the lesson learned by Atlanta on this day. Don’t laugh at people who prep, they plan for the worst & hope for the best. The worst happened in Atlanta yesterday. Be prepared people!

What can I say? That’s awesome.

Even in this awful situation there were some bright spots that make me very proud of the people that live and work in the great state of Georgia and of humanity in general. Stories of people walking right down the middle of six lane interstates that were eerily at a standstill handing out water and food to those people that had been stranded for hours, travelers helping one another to get vehicles unstuck and moving once again and even the glorious news of a child named Grace being born in a stranded vehicle that was stuck in traffic on the perimeter.

After packing all my gear and checking to see if I could help any of my coworkers, I headed for home. Because I’m fortunate enough to have people near and far that care about me and pray for my safety that knew I was getting underway, I shared the following status update when I arrived home:

So, this January’s weather experience has come to a gratifying end for me. I left work at 11:30 this morning and rolled into the house about 12:30 pm, which is really pretty good. Upon arrival I found the homestead warm and welcoming with my loving wife and two adoring pups thrilled to see me, a roaring fire and a pot of hot coffee beckoning. Last night was as good as it could be given the situation and the company certainly didn’t hurt. The best part of this story is that I didn’t spend one moment in fret or worry, either for myself or Alice because we had taken the time to plan for the worst eventualities and made the appropriate preparations ahead of the emergency. Although the weather forced us to be apart, she knew I would be okay and I knew that she would be safe, warm and happy. All of this thanks to a little foresight and taking the action steps necessary to insure such an outcome. Thanks to everyone that offered thoughts or voiced support and wishes of well being. I appreciate each and every one those actions and each and every one of you.

For the second time in a handful of years the city of Atlanta and my beloved home state of Georgia have been in the nation’s spotlight thanks to paralysis due to a winter weather emergency. So much danger, human distress and property damage on display for the world to see, and it really saddens me. It makes me sad because I know that so much of it can be avoided altogether with just a little planning and forethought, both on an individual and a governmental scale. These people don’t have to suffer like they have. All of these lives don’t have to be put at risk. These situations could be mostly prevented if only there were better overall planning put in place by those that are supposed to lead and each individual made their personal security during the situations their top priority. On the other side of the coin, my experience was safe, warm and as comfortable as it could have possibly been.

There were those behind the power curve with no plan and no preparations that found themselves caught up in the chaos because they were waiting on someone else to tell them what to do, and then you have the example I try to live out where you get a plan, build a kit to fit and execute a plan of action to the best of your ability based on sound information you have gleaned ahead of time. Which one would you choose?

It really is so easy to take the necessary steps and get this done so that you and your family won’t be caught in the whirlwind the next time it blows. Here’s hoping you will choose to do so.

Semper Paratus!

The Perseid Collapse : Steven Konkoly : The Interview

We are thrilled to welcome back Steven Konkoly, author of the runaway apocalyptic thriller The Jakarta Pandemic, to discuss the first book of his new project, The Perseid Collapse series. You may remember that we interviewed Steve last year about The Jakarta Pandemic and when we learned that there was a sequel in the works we were very excited and finally the wait is over.

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The Fletchers are back in The Perseid Collapse and, I’ve got to say, we’ve missed them. Six years after the the Jakarta pandemic ravaged the life they had known Alex and Kate are pushing ahead into the new reality and are even sending their son Ryan off to college. How about you take it from there and tell us a little bit about the Fletchers and sort of set the stage for what’s going on in The Perseid Collapse?

The Fletchers are trying as much as they can to maintain a normal life. They live in the same home as they did in the first book. I struggled with whether they should stay in that house, whether there was too much bad juju in that neighborhood, a lot went down. They learned that bugging in like they did in The Jakarta Pandemic, although Maine is not as populated as some areas, in a relatively crowded neighborhood in a suburb was not a good idea then and it won’t be a good idea next time because the next time it’s going to be worse. Even if it’s the same or a lesser disaster, it’s going to end up being worse because the memories are fresh. The Fletchers made some money, or retained more money than everyone else, when everything was more or less wiped out after the Jakarta pandemic. So that’s kind of where the novel starts. Their son is on to college, they’re out on their sailboat, which is part of that normal life. They’re not afraid to go out, but they’re cautious. They have preparations. They have BOLT kits. They don’t live like most Americans, but they maintain the appearance that they do.

The Perseid Collapse opens up in China (something I certainly was not expecting) and once again it seems the Red Dragon is impacting the Fletchers world. Can you offer us a little insight into your motivation here?

I think it reflects more of my techno-thriller background that I’ve developed over the last four books in the Black Flagged series. I wanted to give readers a little more. Often times reading other books where you see an America that has been impacted by an EMP (Electro-Magnetic Pulse), there was never an explanation for what happened or even a hint of it….For me, I like to know a little more. So, I set up this international conspiracy based on the Chinese to get them back on the international scene and level things.

One of the things I noticed very early in the book is even though they’re the same people, no one that survived the Jakarta Pandemic escaped without being changed in some way. I noticed it in Kate first, but as the story moved along I saw the same thing in each of core characters and especially in Alex. Everyone seems to have a bit more edge to them and felt a bit grittier. Not in a bad way, but in a real way, and it seems like our group of survivors are more comfortable with themselves and with each other in their reality following the pandemic. Was this intentional and do you want to walk us through your thought process on how each member of the Durham Road group has come through their last six years?

In the first book of the Perseid, everyone has changed. They’ve retained a lot of their characteristics and their core values, but I think realism has really settled in. I thought it was most obvious in Alex, but I agree with you…and a number of other readers have said that they really liked seeing Kate and learning more about her and her mindset. Like you said, early on she establishes herself…not necessarily forcefully…but you know she’s a force to be reckoned with. She was always like that in the beginning. She was always the one that recommended doing the early shooting. She was kind of the more hard core proponent of violence in the first book. Now that’s kind of transferred over to Alex, but you can definitely see that shift.

This story gets downhill in a hurry and just picks up speed from there. A pandemic virus shook things up for the Fletchers last time around, so what is the disaster catalyst that kicks things off in The Perseid Collapse?

When I finally embraced the idea of bringing the Fletcher family (and friends) back for a follow-on series, I knew I had to GO BIG and construct a believable, yet overwhelmingly catastrophic event. The first part of the “event” is natural, something that would have wreaked havoc as a standalone event. Of course, that wasn’t good enough. An opportunistic foe seizes the opportunity to boost the effects of the disaster on the United States.

I’ve got to admit, I love Ed and Charlie. Several times throughout the story, I caught myself laughing out loud in my office in the wee hours of the morning and hoping I hadn’t woken my wife Alice up on the other side of the house. As the story gets started, what can you tell us about how the Walkers and Thorntons are doing?

Ed Walker and Charlie Thornton are like dueling banjos, providing a much needed comedy break at times. Of course, they also play a critical role in the story arch. Both families weathered the years following The Jakarta Pandemic, thanks to the confederation formed by the three families: Walkers, Thorntons and Fletchers. Charlie is his usual self, a little brash, full of conspiracy theories and bristling with gadget laden firearms. His loyalty to Ed and Alex has multiplied exponentially and really plays a major role in The Perseid Collapse. The Walkers remain the cautious and skeptical members of the group, but readers will see that Ed’s changed. With his daughter in the same predicament as Alex’s son…trapped in Boston…he starts to adopt Alex’s “come hell or high water” approach to solving problems.

Without giving too much away, let’s just say that the scenes immediately following the catalyst event were intensely powerful on every level. The stresses of survival just keep coming and we begin to see how once again the Fletcher’s world has changed in a matter of hours. This is also where we begin to see the layers of preparedness that Alex has made sure to build into every aspect of the Fletcher’s lives in the years following the pandemic. There’s so much to discuss here between the gear and their experiences, where would you like to begin?

Alex has definitely shaped their lives on nearly every level, while “trying” to maintain a mostly normal suburban life. Lake property serves the dual purpose of a Bug Out Location (BOL) and pleasant family getaway. BOLT bags (72 hours) taken on trips are modified for outings, in this case, sailing. He’s made some changes to their home situation, staging “grab and go” gear: 72-hour bags, equipment, ammo and food/water, in a room near their garage. This is a nod to some sage prepper advice and a frightening scenario. What if you had to leave your house in five minutes, for an indefinite period of time? Most of us would spend most of those five minutes trying to find a suitable bag to carry the gear you won’t have time to load up. Alex has some other surprises, but we’ll let readers discover these.

Unlike the scenario that played out in The Jakarta Pandemic, this time the Fletchers will not be able to ride out the crisis in the relative comfort and safety of their own home. They, along with their Durham Road cohorts, will be forced to move in The Perseid Collapse. Could you talk about your thought processes in this portion of the story?

The Jakarta Pandemic explored the concept of Bugging In, which if you’re prepared (like the Fletcher’s), can be a comfortable experience—minus all of the neighbors trying to break in to get your stuff and drifters from out of town breaking into houses. For Perseid, I wanted to put the Fletchers on the road. Granted, they have a “bug out location,” and a pretty nice one at that. Once they reach that compound, they’re back to a comfortable living. That wouldn’t be a lot of fun for either of us. There’s only so much trouble you can get into on a 35 mile trip. I knew it had to be harder, and reflect a realistic dilemma. With kids in college, the group would be forced to split up (due to circumstances explained in book) and multitask. Alex leads Ed and Charlie to Boston to recover the kids, while Kate takes the wives and teenage kids on a “bike trip” to their BOL. As a writer, this gives me two storylines to work with, and an opportunity to develop previously sidelined characters.

Obviously, the Fletchers have practiced a lifestyle of preparedness for years and they have been joined by most of the neighborhood in the years since the Jakarta Pandemic. However, the most often overlooked aspect to preparedness is the planning and training, or the “software”, of preparedness that must be in place ahead of the disaster. Without it all of those preparedness goodies that are locked away in the basement won’t do you any good. Ryan (Fletcher) and Chloe (Walker) were both in Boston, albeit different locations, when the disaster strikes. This fact is the reason behind the Durham Road Task Force’s plan to split the group. Without giving too much away too soon, what can you tell us about their situation? Did they have a plan to find each other? If so, did they develop the plans or did their parents figure it all out for them?

Book 2 starts out with a flashback scene that shows the reader Ryan’s experience at the very outset of the “event.” I don’t want to spoil it. You get a teaser in Book 1, but I don’t want to talk about that either, for fear of spoiling Book 1’s end. Sorry. I will say that Alex’s son, Ryan, has definitely paid attention to Alex’s “software” training over the past years.

The gear of preparedness and survival, or the “hardware”, plays a key role in this story. Part of that has to be a result of the lessons learned during the Jakarta Pandemic. Without getting too deep in the weeds, could you talk a little about how you crafted the Durham Clan’s load outs? How and why they chose the items they have chosen for their home stockpiles and for their personal “battle rattle”.

Like the load outs described in your Practical Tactical Handbook, you see a tiered development of their packs. For the Boston rescue strike team, you see two layers. First, they each bring a 72 hour pack, which stays in their vehicle. This is a last ditch, “the car isn’t an option anymore” preparation. They’re travelling over 150 miles away from the family BOL, so the 72 hour BOLT (see Practical Tactical Handbook) kit represents the supplies they need to make it back safely. For the trip into Boston, Alex takes a page from his Marine experience and has them all design an Assault Pack, which is modeled after the Practical Tactical Handbook’s Get Home Bag (GHB). A smaller, off the shelf commercial backpack, this pack is loaded with 24 hours of food and essential gear. For Alex’s group, ammunition and tactical gear replaces some of the items you would find in a civilian Get Home Bag. In Perseid 2, Alex modifies his layer one more time, stripping down to ammunition and communications gear, but you’ll have to dig into the story to learn what kind of a situation might dictate giving up everything but your personal defense and communications equipment.

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I found Chapter 17 to be very powerful, a re-setting of the playing board, in a way. We see the Durham Clan as a hardened and determined group that’s forced to make tough decisions and is making them. We also learn that the Walkers and the Thorntons will be joining the Fletchers at the farmhouse, and that brings up an interesting topic. Retreat locations are just that, so how do you decide who you can trust to invite along when the SHTF? In this scenario these families have a history, but we have to imagine that would not be the norm. Do you have any thoughts on how a family that is preparedness minded might approach operational security with regards to a retreat location and who might be considered for invitation?

I’ll keep this one brief. The Fletcher’s have chosen to employ a simple Operational Security tenet to protect their retreat location. Limit knowledge to the few they implicitly trust. The Fletchers trust the Walkers and Thorntons based on previous experience. Their trust has been forged by the fires of conflict, but this can be easily substituted in the real world by common goals and a common commitment to working together…‘A loose federation of like minded families or friends that have demonstrated a willingness to be a part of an equal team.’

Now, we don’t have to spend too much time on it, but let’s get to one of the points I’m most excited about in this story. I know we will learn more about it in the second book in The Perseid Collapse series, but could you talk a little bit about the Fletcher family stronghold that Alex built in the aftermath of the Jakarta Pandemic?

Ah. I have nice map and a bunch of related schematics to help me visualize their compound. (I know Randy is chomping at the bit to learn more about the compound!) Twenty two acres (with about 2.4 acres cleared) on a sizeable pond with no neighbors to the left or right, but a full host of neighbors on the other side of the lake. The land was sold to them after the Jakarta Pandemic, by a family that had intended to preserve the land, but had been financially devastated in the wake of the pandemic. If you remember, the Fletchers invested heavily in gold prior to the pandemic and made out like bandits. They have a main house, barn, and ample garden space. The compound was designed for privacy, even in the winter months. The cleared space sits far enough back from the road to keep passers-by from spotting the house. Of course, they have an entrance road, but that’s constructed too with a minimalist approach. Alex has some surprises installed for security, but those won’t come into play until book 2. Two banks of solar panels (one on the barn, the other on the house) can power the house and barn if the electric is cut. One of the banks of panels is disconnected at all times, to prevent EMP damage, along with a second set of solar inverter/power generation equipment. Alex isn’t messing around.

The most important aspect of the compound, well beyond the gadgets (which are nice), is that the family has spent their time at the retreat divided between enjoyment and making it a livable, SHTF survival location. They all have significant work and effort invested in running the place during the “bearable months,” working in the vast garden and constantly improving the property. Alex’s parents live there year round, which is another significant advantage. The BOL stands ready to receive them 365 days a year.

Speaking of the retreat, the Fletchers built it for a couple of reasons. Clearly it’s called a retreat for a reason, but the location also serves as the new home for Alex parents and his brother’s children, who eventually moved to Maine. Alex parents now care for the children since their parents were both lost to the Jakarta Pandemic. So, someone is living at the location year round. If the Fletchers had to leave their home for some reason, the plan was to go to the Limerick location. That means there had to be a BOLT plan in place. My question regards this plan. There had to be a plan before the disaster, but I’m quite certain it was not for the family to split up or for them to be biking out to Limerick? What was going on in your head as you considered all the possibilities once the story tells us Plan A was out the window?

Even the Fletcher’s aren’t perfect. Like most of us, they’re just as guilty of the “we’ll get to it” mentality. They just dropped their son off at college, so a formal plan had not been developed…though you’ll catch snippets throughout the story that would lead you to believe that this has been rattling around Alex’s head for quite a while.

I mentioned before that we see an evolution to a grittier group of characters in Perseid. I found the interaction between the members of the two travel groups to be fascinating and real. Can you give us a little insight into how you put yourself inside the minds of our travelers and developed the back and forth between the group members during their journeys, including the emergence of some characters we might not expect?

In my experience, hardship forges the deepest bonds of friendship. The Marines (and I’m sure many other military units) had a saying, “the hotter the fire, the tougher the steel,” which captures the essence of this phenomenon. In The Perseid Collapse, Alex’s group has worked together before, well outside of the comfort zones, so they share a strong bond. They have vastly different personalities, which cause friction, but overall they know what to expect from each other…until now. The stakes are higher and the danger is more immediate in PC, so this dynamic is challenged right from the beginning. Alex and Ed have the exact same goals, reach Boston and rescue their children, but they approach the trek differently, based on their personalities and experiences. Alex is confident about his skills and cautious about the bigger picture. Meanwhile, Ed is impatient to reach Boston, but resistant to Alex’s more immediate solutions to their problems. I set out to show how these conflicts and differences can wear on the best of friends in a stressful situation. You’ll feel the tension between them as the challenges mount, almost to a painful level.

Kate’s group is a different story. The friendship between the women and teenagers is less defined in the beginning, but starts to solidify as their separate journey unfolds. Book One in the series spends more time following Alex, but the building blocks for the women’s tale are assembled, and the reader will see how their friendship grows tighter as the fires of the forge grow hotter. Book Two will showcase their newly forged bonds as they work together to defend their families from a sudden, unexpected threat.

Like much of the population that they will encounter along the way, the Durham Road families learned hard lessons during The Jakarta Pandemic. Gritty is a perfect description. You don’t want to get in their way…with bad intentions. In The Perseid Collapse’s post-apocalyptic world, any of the characters can fill the role of “Judge, jury and executioner” within the blink of an eye. Despite Alex’s more “Road Warrior” like tendencies in TPC, you’ll catch glimpses of the old Alex in the series. I just wrote a scene in book two that defines Alex. It’s a snap situation leaving him seconds to make a difficult choice. I had goose bumps writing it. It’s the ultimate, “What would you do?” situation.

With our groups being forced to relocate from Durham Road, it is clear they will be coming into contact with more people than the random refugees (even though they were a threat) encountered during the Jakarta Pandemic and that increases the opportunity for danger. These threats can come from individuals or from groups that band together like wolves after a disaster. If you can, give us your view of the civil unrest and the change in threat assessment that would certainly follow the catalyst event in Perseid?

I don’t believe it’s going to be the mutant, biker zombie gangs you see in some of the literature. Although, it’s not that crazy because you have the large groups out there and I’m not just talking about bikers. What’s to say that any kind of group that gathers and is close like an Eagles Organization, and some groups are closer than others, would not come together in a situation like this. I belong to Scarborough Fish and Game. It’s a shooting range where you shoot skeet and do all sorts things like archery. It’s a really nice place. I’ve always sort of envisioned that if something like this happened, I would imagine there’s a pretty tight group over there. Come something like this that clubhouse is going to start filling up with people with the same mindset and, for good or for bad, they would work together (probably for good because everyone over there is really awesome and really down to earth). But I’m thinking, where is the opposite group? Where are the people who are close that aren’t so good? Those people are the ones you’re going to have to watch out for because they’ll form gangs, they’ll form organized groups and it’s kind of like that ‘reign of terror’ thing.

There has been a lot of talk about militia groups in the preparedness world for years. We see both sides of the militia movement in this book, the good and the bad. What should we look out for as we discover how they fit into this story after the disaster?

My wife told me at the very beginning, “Whatever you do, don’t piss off the militia groups. There will be no bug out location we can hide because they’re already hiding in them.” In all fairness, the one militia group is kind of more of a gang. It doesn’t fit the standard definition. So, that’s what you’ll see. This guy that’s in charge of that, he’s clearly demonstrates himself to be psychotic and to have an agenda. He’s going to be a very charismatic character in book two and he already is kind of now, very good at manipulating a situation right on the spot. He’s got half of southern Maine believing that there is a special forces unit running amuck and he’s got a plan.

There are a number of militias here and I contacted one of the more, well established ones…and I tried to interview this guy and he clearly wasn’t biting. He’s an older gent, extremely suspicious. I tried explaining what I was doing and it was going nowhere. So I sent them an email and read a couple of articles describing their philosophies, and he described them as being kind of a back up to the National Guard. Informally, that’s how they view themselves. I liked that idea and I liked the concept and wanted to make it something a little more organized in the book. There’s a history. They used to fit the mold of what most American’s think of when you think of militia groups and I kind of wanted to show that that’s not the case, because it really isn’t. There are groups that are taking down abandoned buildings every weekend, they do that. That’s what there doing. They’re training themselves as a counter government force or whatever it is, but I think a lot of them, that’s not where their core and heart lies. So, I kind of want to mimic what I learned from him, but like I said they never got back in touch with me. They probably think I’m going to write a nasty, horrible book about them. Little do they know that I made the leader and the group a good group, they’re good guys and they’re out to help and diffuse the situation with that other group and that’s going to be coming into big play in book two and three.

Alex is going to learn a lot in book two from his interactions in Boston, his eyes are going to be opened to some wrongs and rights that are being done by the Marines, by these other groups. I allude to these criminal elements that are running amuck. Just to give you a hint, they’re not criminal elements. The criminal elements were there and they’re gone now and there’s a reason they’re gone. There’s a lot of misunderstanding, one group shooting at the other. The Marines are holding the bridges and no one knows how they got there within 24 hours. So, things that he sees in there will be shaped and that will help him in a major task and endeavor when he’s back in Maine. So, there’s a little foreshadowing while staying about as nebulous as I can get without giving anything away. I wanted to give the duality. Not to say that there are some horrible militia groups that are just murderous, that’s not the goal. I didn’t want that impression (that all militia are bad).

The finish to book one is thrilling to say the least and the final sentence is absolutely chilling. I know you’re currently working on book two in The Perseid Collapse series, so what can we look forward to in the next book? Do you have any teasers for us?

It will pick up with a flashback and then the story will pick right back up with Alex after he makes that statement and there’s more interaction with the students. He’s not just sliding out of the window on his way out of there. More occurs there. More stuff that kind of shapes how he’s thinking and shows his character. Kind of that character that he’s developed where he’s just not going to put up with the little guys being beat up. Like when he discovers the people being dragged off into the woods and all that. He’s kind of a little bit on a retribution…he’s a lot more about proactively doing the right thing as in taking it into his own hands and you’ll definitely see that in his interaction with the kids. I tell you, I’m having a blast writing it.

My goal is the story always. It’s kind of my worst case scenario, having a child away at college. It was hard to write that. When I’m writing I’m kind of in like a ‘just get the story down’ mind set. It’s when I stop and kind of really ruminate and think about the scenario that they’re in…I’m doing that, but…like that line, like you said, the ending line…it was just so natural to write that because it literally just hit me.

There’s no one coming.

I looked at the numbers and the incoming freshman class at Boston University is 20,000. You’ve got to figure maybe 5% of them, maybe, live within a reasonable walking, as in days, walking distance. You’ve got Maine, Massachusetts…New England is compact which is good…maybe give it 10% that could throw a couple water bottles together, grab a couple packs of Doritos and set out on their own and they may or may not make it back. They have that option, but there’s a lot that don’t. They don’t have an option even close to that. Like I said, I think the default would be to sit and wait. To think about parents, it’s powerful stuff. It really made me think. It kind of stopped me in my tracks reading it, you know writing it and reading it, I didn’t know it was coming.

I kind of in my mind, I had Alex going in there in a very business like manner. Shoot the door down, kick it in…son’s not here…I’m out of here. But I’m like, I can’t do that. These kids are all here. These are ALL HIS kids. He’s all amped up coming up, but when it all settles he looks at the picture (of Ryan) and it kind of all hits him. It just kind of came. That’s how writing works, stuff like that. I didn’t have a yellow sticky that said ‘Alex feels sorry for the students’ it just kind of happens. Stuff happens like that, I think, in writing. I would almost guarantee that 90% of the best parts I would consider being in the book are things that I did not write down or have planned ahead. They just kind of, they’re just part of the story.

Well Steve, you’ve certainly managed to pull us right to the edge of our seats with this book and have left us there as we wait for Book 2 in the series, The Perseid Collapse: Event Horizon. It sounds like we’re in for a wild ride the rest of the way and you’re right, I absolutely can’t wait to hear more about the Fletcher Compound!

On a personal note, I would like to thank you for giving us a chance to work with you and consult on this project. This past year has proven to be educational, exhilarating and a ton of fun and we look forward to an exciting ride as The Perseid Collapse series unfolds.

Remember everyone, you can reach Steve Konkoly via email at stevenkonkoly@gmail.com and be sure to check out his blog, http://www.stevenkonkoly.com, where you can get a window into his world, find book reviews (apocalyptic, thriller, horror and some sci-fi) and keep up to date about his future projects. There’s something for everyone.

Finally, I want to encourage everyone to join in and keep the conversation going by asking your own questions of Steve (or me) in the comment section below and by sharing this talk on Facebook and Twitter (or your preferred social media platform) with everyone you know. Works like The Perseid Collapse force us to think and ask ourselves the pressing question, “Am I prepared for a major disaster or emergency situation?” The more people we can reach and hopefully help along their journey towards personal preparedness the better off we’ll all be in the long run.

#SemperParatus

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Semper Paratus!

Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Wake Up Call

Electromagnetic Pulse. EMP.

Do you know what it is? Do you know how it could impact you? Why should you care?

All of these questions and more are answered in this wonderful video that features a brilliant panel of experts on the subject that could bring about the end of the world as we know it (TEOTWAWKI). This 53 minute video could change your life. It is worth the time. Watch it. Your life, or the life of someone you love, could some day depend on what you will learn in it.

Semper Paratus!

Resilience Infrastructure

Although we have been practicing preparedness for several years now with an eye towards becoming more resilient in our every day lives overall, 2013 has proven to be a quite an interesting year around the homestead. Even though we have long been the outdoor types that enjoy all that this old world has to offer, when the year started one of our new year’s resolutions was to spend even more time outside. We quickly decided to take that notion one step further figuring that if we were going to outside more anyway, we may as well spend that time in various productive pursuits. The following are a few of the projects we’ve upgraded or completed over the last twelve months.

Growing Our Own Food

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Full disclosure, we started our vegetable garden back in the spring of 2011, but if you know anything about gardening at all you understand that you never have the same garden from year to year whether you’re responsible for changing anything or not. Climate, pests, the size of your garden, what you choose to grow, your garden’s soil and any number of other things can and most likely will impact your gardening experience from year to year. With that said, we chose to expand the size of our backyard garden plot by making it about eight feet wider and six foot deeper with the final size measuring 28 feet x 24 feet. In addition to growing in size, we also decided to try several new crops this year including both red and sweet potatoes as well as experimenting with raised garden beds and container gardening for the first time. We also really ramped up our understanding and development of the composting process and have seen some decent results. Overall, our three years have been very successful and we are learning more each time we break the ground.

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Rain Water Catchment System

Living in Georgia, we are no strangers to long hot summers and varying levels of drought. So, once we had the garden in place we decided to build our own rain water catchment system to employ as our main source of irrigation. I found a good deal on a couple of 250 gallon food grade containers with ball valves and after a quick visit to our local big box home improvement store, we had rigged up a very efficient and effective method to capture and hold up to 500 gallons of fresh rain water. My wife Alice built a gravity fed watering system that runs from the holding containers to the vegetable plot and we use that system daily to water the garden. This set up also adds resilience to our household in that it can serve as a source of fresh water for drinking, cooking and hygiene should the need ever arise.

Mini Orchard

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Once we saw how much success we were having growing our own food (more than the two of us can eat in most cases), we decided to add to that by turning some of our previously unused space beyond the original fence line into a mini-orchard of fruit trees. We invested the labor and sweat equity ourselves, felling trees and clearing brush, and cleared a space measuring 66 feet by 25 feet. We now have six fruit trees, three apple and three peach in dwarf varieties and we hope to add a cherry tree or two this year if possible. Another happy byproduct of our efforts was a large supply of wood that we cut up into workable pieces that was divided into firewood and lumber that we are going to use to build a Cold Frame to protect our small plants like a mini-greenhouse, as well as more raised garden beds.

More Fruity Goodness

Around this time, we had a friend offer us several small blueberry bushes that they had harvested from their older plants. Seeing no reason to not continue to maximize our space by planting delicious eats, we moved back inside what was the back fence line and planted a long row of blueberry bushes from one side of the yard to the other. They all seem to be doing rather well and we look forward to seeing if they really “jump” this spring.

Bountiful Times
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As I mentioned before, we have been very successful with our vegetable garden since we started it three years ago. The very happy result of that success has been an abundance of fresh produce, so we decided to meet this scrumptious challenge and get up to speed on all the various ways to preserve our harvests through canning and pickling. We have learned a lot, gotten a good handle the basics and are trying new things all the time. Our various pepper jellies have even become the stuff of local legend and rather high demand around these parts. :o) We also have plans to build a solar dehydrator in the next month or so to begin drying more of our garden goodies.

Rock Stars!

About the time we were finishing up the orchard project, we finally made up our minds that the time was right to get ourselves some chickens and crank up the egg production. We settled on five hens…a White Rock, two Easter Eggers, a Rhode Island Red and a Golden Buff.

Now if we were going to do this thing, we certainly weren’t going to be boring about it. We had been thinking about making this move for some time and had given it a lot of thought, so we had a really vivid image of what we wanted the coop to look like. This would be no run of the mill coop with some basic unstained lumber and a little chicken wire. We intended to build a really strong and attractive coop that would look more like a backyard play set or clubhouse than a chicken coop. Once we got our hens and we began to see their personalities develop and get an idea of what they might look like as they grew older, we decided to name them. We’re huge music fans, the Blues in particular, and that proved to be our inspiration when it came time to name our ladies. That process shook out as follows…Meg, the White Rock, because…Meg White…I mean, come on; Aretha (Franklin) and Koko (Taylor) are the two Easter Eggers; Bonnie, the Rhode Island Red, in honor of Bonnie Raitt; and Pink, the Golden Buff, after her namesake’s brilliantly bleached golden-white locks.
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The next evolution of ideas in this process led us back to the coop. If it was going to house such a group of rock stars, it would have to be fitting of such guests both in appearance and style. So, we proceeded to build what we have come to affectionately call The Rock and Roll Hen Palace. It comes complete with designer window shutters, a gravity fed nipple watering system, a drawstring controlled door to the hutch and even a dance floor!

We believe that happy chickens are healthier, lay more often and produce very tasty eggs. Our ladies are free range, we let them out of the coop every morning and close them in every night once they go to roost, and they get only the best when it comes to feed. Even though we named our hens after rock stars, they are actually living up to the title and have been fantastic egg producers for us. We have come to REALLY enjoy and care about our ladies and we cannot see a future in which we do not have chickens and fresh eggs on the counter.
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Bread Making

Another challenge I have long considered taking up that finally made its way off my board and onto the grind stone this year is making my own bread. “Hello. My name is Mr. Powers and I’m a carb-o-holic.” They say admitting you have a problem is the first step, you know. Well, I have no intentions of giving up this addiction. This summer I jumped into bread making with a no-knead option that turned out extremely well and I’m just getting started. I am really looking forward to trying all sorts of new breads going forward.
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So, there you have it. This past year has proven to be extremely productive for us and we’ve certainly gotten a lot accomplished, learned a ton and have had a blast along the way. The best part is that everything we have done was not done just for the sake of doing. Relentlessly practical in their own right…food, water, fitness (both physical and mental), skill building…each project we improved on or completed in 2013 was based in our desire to become more resilient in all facets of our daily lives. We are aggressively turning the land we have from some thing that we just make payments on and trim up to keep the neighbors happy into a living, breathing asset that is working for us, 24 hours a day to help provide for our most essential needs. What’s more, the positive psychological impacts of our efforts are immeasurable. The entire process has been extremely rewarding for us both and we look forward to bigger and better things going forward. We believe that we have developed a solid foundation in our resilience infrastructure that will serve us very well in the future, even as it continues to grow and expand with each new challenge we decide to accept.

Semper Paratus!